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It controlled the main route from \expndtw6 Afghanistan to the Indus plains, and was, therefore, \expndtw5 of considerable strategic importance.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li65\fi0\ri0\sb122\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 His Satraps}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li40\fi490\ri4194\sb130\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Scarcely anything is known about Kaniska's ad\-\expndtw10 ministration. The Sarnath inscription dated in the \expndtw-1 year 3 or 81 A.D.(P)\super 1\nosupersub , however, gives us just a glimpse of his Satrapal system in the provinces. We learn that \expndtw0 Kharapallana was his Mahaksatrapa, presumably at \expndtw3 Mathura, and Vanaspaia was governing the eastern \expndtw6 regions of Benares as Ksatrapa. It seems reasonable \expndtw10 to suppose that the government of other outlying \expndtw11 parts of the realm was organised on similar lines.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li43\fi0\ri0\sb119\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Kaniska's Public  Works}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li36\fi454\ri4226\sb122\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Like Asoka, Kaniska was a great builder of \i Stupas \i0\expndtw7 and cities. He erected in his capital a monastery and \expndtw3 a huge wooden tower, in which he placed some relics \expndtw1 of the Buddha.\super 2\nosupersub  Several years ago, a casket containing}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi389\ri3888\sb241\sa0\sl-198\slmult0\tx508 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw3 Formerly this was considered to be the earliest known ins\-\line cription of Kaniska, but a few years ago another record, dated in\line \expndtw4 the year 2 of his  reign,   was discovered, probably at Kosambi.\line \expndtw5 It is now preserved in the  Allahabad Museum.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi389\ri3888\sb11\sa0\sl-198\slmult0\tx508 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw1 The Chinese pilgrim Sung-yun refers to the pagoda   \i (Feott-\line \expndtw-1 thoa) \i0 of Ka-ni-si-ka i.e., Kaniska (Seal, pp, ciii-civ).    See also Fa-\line \expndtw3 hian's  \i Fo-kuo-ki, \i0 ch.  XII,    Beal, p. xxxii;  and Yuan Chwang's\line \i\expndtw1 Si-ju-ki> \i0 Bk. II, Beal, I, p. 99; Walters, I, p. 204., for the \i Stupa \i0 of\line \expndtw0 Ki-ni-kia or Kia-ni-se-kia (Kaniska).   Albemni also mentions that\line \expndtw1 the \i Vihara \i0 of Purushavar was built by Kanik.   It was  called after\line \expndtw5 him Kanika-Caitya (Sachau,  Trans., Vol.  II, p.n).}\par }